Terri Warholak, PhD, RPh

Designate Assistant Dean, Academic Affairs/Assessment
Professor, Pharmacy Practice & Science
Assistant Professor, Public Health
Department(s): 
Pharmacy Practice & Science
Center for Health Outcomes & PharmacoEconomic Research

Dr. Warholak is an associate professor and serves as an investigator within the Center for Health Outcomes and PharmacoEconomic Research. She received her BS, MS, and PhD from Purdue University. From 1990 to 1997, Dr. Warholak served as a commissioned officer in the United States Public Health Service where her clinical pharmacy experience spans from inpatient to community practice and includes 5 years in the Indian Health Service and an assignment at the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

From 2001 to 2005, Dr. Warholak served on the faculty at Midwestern University Chicago College of Pharmacy where she was recognized in 2003 as winner of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy Council of Faculties Innovations in Teaching Competition for her work titled “Application of Quality Assurance Principles: Reducing Medication Errors in 30 Pharmacy Practice Settings.” The Pharmacy Quality Alliance awarded Dr. Warholak and colleagues a grant to develop the Educating Pharmacy Students and Pharmacists to Improve Quality (EPIQ) Program. EPIQ was developed as a quality improvement education resource, for use by pharmacy faculty and other professionals, to teach student pharmacists, pharmacists, and other stake holders about  measuring, reporting, and improving quality in pharmacy practice. 

Dr. Warholak’s teaching and research interests include medication error reduction, health information technology, and bringing pharmaceutical care to underserved populations. As such, she has substantial experience collaborating with pharmacists and other health care providers. She has participated in studies evaluating the quality of patient care, techniques for reducing medication errors, and served as lead researcher on the AHRQ-funded project entitled “Maximizing the Effectiveness of e-Prescribing between Physicians and Community Pharmacies.” Dr. Warholak is involved in electronic prescribing (e-prescribing) and health information technology projects on the state and national levels including the Arizona Medicaid Transformation Grant: Health Information Exchange and Health Record (HIeHR) Project and the EAzRx E-Prescribing Initiative for Arizona Health-e Connection.

Dr. Warholak has published more than 60 papers and abstracts and has edited a book.  She has been invited to present at the local, state and national levels.

Education: 

Bachelor of Science, Pharmacy, Purdue University West Lafayette, Indiana, 1992

Master of Science, Pharmacy Administration, Purdue University West Lafayette, Indiana, 1999

Doctor of Philosophy, Pharmacy Administration, Purdue University West Lafayette, Indiana, 2001

Publications

Publications/Creative Activity (Published or Accepted) *Denotes married name

Scholarly Books

Warholak TL, Nau D (Eds).  Quality & Safety in Pharmacy Practice.  McGraw Hill Companies, Inc. 2010.

Chapters in Scholarly Books and Monographs

Scholarly Book Chapter – Original Research Not Presented Elsewhere

Warholak TL, Rupp MT.  The catcher in the rye:  Learning of pharmacists’ interventions on electronic   prescriptions.  pp 67-74.  In.  Informatics Pearls.  American Society of Health-System Pharmacists.  2009.

Textbook Chapters – Reviews of the State of the Field             

Jackson TL.*  QA for pharmacy students.  In:  Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience Practice       Manual Part 1: Community (PPRA 0341). Midwestern University Chicago College of Pharmacy.  2002.

Jackson TL.*  Ensuring quality in pharmacy operations. pp 125-149.  In:  Pharmacy Management.  Desselle S and Zgarrick D (Eds).  McGraw Hill Companies, Inc. 2005.

Gettig J, Warholak Jackson TL.*  Clinical decision-making:  Application to the practice setting.  pp 155-170.  In:  Gibaldi’s Drug Delivery Systems in Pharmaceutical Care.  Desai A, Lee M (Eds).  American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. 2007.

Warholak TL.  Ensuring quality in pharmacy operations. pp 97-121.  In:  Pharmacy Management.  Desselle S and Zgarrick D (Eds).  2nd Edition.  McGraw Hill Companies, Inc. 2008.              

Warholak TL, Scott V, Legner D.  What is quality improvement?  In:  Warholak TL, Nau D (Eds).Pharmacy Quality:  Improving the Safety and Effectiveness of Pharmacy Services.  McGraw Hill Companies, Inc.  2010.

Warholak TL, Hincapie AL.  Identifying causes of quality problems.  In:  Warholak TL, Nau D (Eds). Pharmacy Quality:  Improving the Safety and Effectiveness of Pharmacy Services.  McGraw Hill Companies, Inc. 2010.

Warholak TL, Song MC.  Implementing your own pharmacy QI program.  In:  Warholak TL, Nau D (Eds). Pharmacy Quality:  Improving the Safety and Effectiveness of Pharmacy Services.  McGraw Hill Companies, Inc. 2010.

Warholak TL.  Ensuring quality in pharmacy operations. pp 97-121.  In:  Pharmacy Management.  Desselle S and Zgarrick D (Eds).  3rd Edition.  McGraw Hill Companies, Inc. 2011.

Hincapie AL, Nau D, MacKinnon N, Warholak TL.  Assessing pharmacy-related quality of care. pp 2685-2693.  In:  Remington:  The Science and Practice of Pharmacy.  Pharmaceutical Press.  2012. 

Refereed Journal Articles Published *Denotes work from a dissertation or thesis

*Warholak-Juarez T,* Rupp MT, Salazar TA, Foster S.  The effect of patient information on pharmacists’ drug use review decisions.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2000; 40:500-8. PMID: 10932459

Millonig MK, Jackson TL,* Ellis WM.  Improving medication use through pharmacists’ access to patient-specific health care information.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2002; 42: 68-43. PMID: 12150362

*Jackson TL,* Rupp MT, Newton GD.  Evaluation of a clinical decision aid and training program on the quality of pharmacists’ prospective drug utilization review decisions. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education.  2002; 66: 260-267.

Jackson TL.*  Application of quality assurance principles:  Teaching students medication error reduction skills in a “real world” environment.  American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2004; 68(1) Article 17. 

Jackson TL,* McCord AD, Dahdal WY, Zgarrick DP, Brock KA.  The use of a scholarship committee to foster scholarly growth of pharmacy practice faculty. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2005; 69(5): Article 1519.

Hassenplug K, Burkiewicz J, Jackson T,* Peppers L.  Educating patients in self-management of epistaxis in an anticoagulation clinic.  American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy. 2006; 63(May 15): 909-911. PMID: 16675647

Jackson TL,* Stensland SL, Todd TJ, Lullo A, Mazan A, Masood AM.  Assessment of a pediatric asthma awareness program.  Journal of Asthma. 2006; 43: 311-317.  PMID: 16809246

Bruce S, Jackson TL.*  Collaborative research:  Benefits for all involved.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association.   2006; 46(6): 663-664. PMID: 17176680

Izzo Handley L, Warholak Jackson TL,* Jackson TR.  An evaluation of the validity of inferences made from three diabetes assessment instruments: A Rasch analysis.  Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy. 2008; 4: 67-81. PMID: 18342824

Rupp MT, Warholak TL.  Evaluation of e-prescribing in chain community pharmacy:  Best-practice recommendations. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2008; 48: 364-370. PMID: 18595821

Langridge SM, Stensland SL, Warholak TL, Mattingly L.  Impact of the Career Explorers Program on high school students’ perceptions of the pharmacy profession.  American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2008; 72 (3) Article 68. PMID: 18698385

Warholak TL, Rupp MT.  Analysis of community chain pharmacists’ interventions on electronic prescriptions.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2009. 49: 59-64.  PMID: 19196598

Smith K, Warholak TL, Armstrong E, Leib M, Rehfeld R, Malone D.  Evaluation of risk factors and health outcomes among persons with asthma.  Journal of Asthma. 2009; 46(3): 234-237. PMID: 19373629

Griffin BL, Burkiewicz JS, Peppers LR, Warholak TL.  International Normalized Ratio values in group versus individual appointments in a pharmacist-managed anticoagulation clinic.  American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy. 2009; 66:1218-23. PMID: 19535661

Warholak TL.  Preceptor perceptions of pharmacy student team quality assurance projects.  Journal American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2009. 73(3) Article 47. PMID: 19564990

Shah A, Boesen M, Harris-Salamone K, Warholak TL.  Adding diagnosis codes to prescriptions:  Lessons learned from a quality improvement project.  Journal of Managed Care Pharmacy. 2009. 15(6): 508-510. PMID: 19610684

Warholak TL, McCulloch M, Baumgart A, Smith M, Fink W, Fritz, W.  An exploratory comparison of medication lists at hospital admission with administrative database records. Journal of Managed Care Pharmacy. 2009. 15(9): 751-758. PMID: 19954266

Warholak TL, Clark C, Babits L, Patanwala A, Fritz W.  Nurses’ and other staffs’ opinions of potential impact of an emergency department clinical staff pharmacist at a tertiary care academic medical center.  Arizona Journal of Pharmacy. 2009. 1(4):  21-24.

Patanwala AE, Warholak TL, Sanders AB, Erstad BL. A prospective observational study of medication errors in a tertiary care academic emergency department. Ann Emerg Med. 2010 June; 55(6): 522-526. PMID: 20074833

Warholak TL, Menke M, Hines LE, Reel S, Murphy J, Sherril D, Malone DC. A drug-drug knowledge assessment instrument for health professional students:  A Rasch analysis of validity evidence. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy.  2010. April [Epub]. 2011; 7(1): 16-26. PMID: 21397878

Warholak TL, West D, Holdford D.  The Educating Pharmacy Students and Pharmacists to Improve Quality program: tool for pharmacy practice. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2010. 50: 534-538. PMID: 20621874

Warholak TL, Gilligan AM, Hurwitz JT, Slack MK, Spivey CA, Chisholm-Burns MA. Assessing outcomes for a methods television (MTV) video project in a research methodology class.  Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning. 2010; 2:  211–217. 

Hincapie AL, Warholak TL, Murcko A, Slack M, Malone DA.  Clinicians’ opinions of a health information exchange.  Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association. 2011;18:60-65. PMID: 21106994

Warholak TL, Murcko A, McKee M, Urbine T.  Results of the Arizona Medicaid health information technology partner pharmacy focus groups.  Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy.  2011; 7:  438-443.  PMID: 21272529

Hines LE, Saverno KR, Warholak TL, Grizzle AJ, Murphy JE, Taylor A, Malone DC.  Pharmacists' awareness of clinical decision support in pharmacy information systems: an exploratory evaluation.  Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy.  2011; 7 (4): 259-368. PMID: 21530417

Warholak TL, Roush R, Queiruga C, Phan H. Medication error-identification rates of pharmacy, medical, and nursing students: A simulation.  American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2011; 75(2): Article 24. PMID: 21519414

Warholak TL, Hines LE, Song M, Gessay A, Menke JM, Reel S. Sherril D, Malone DC. Medical, nursing, and pharmacy students’ ability to recognize potential drug-drug interactions: A comparison of healthcare professional students. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners. 2011; 23: 216–221. PMID: 21489016

Saverno K, Hines LE, Warholak TL, Grizzle A, Babits L, Clark C, Taylor A, Malone DC.  Ability of Clinical Decision Support Systems to Alert Pharmacists of Clinically Important Drug-Drug Interactions. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association. 2011;18: 32-37.

Warholak TL, Leal S, Lee A, Patel N. A consumer assessment of pharmaceutical care services in a diabetes ambulatory clinic.  Diabetes Care.  AzPA Health-System Heartbeat.  2011; Spring: 4 -10.

Holdford DA, Warholak TL, Strum-West D, Bentley JP, Murphy JE, Malone DC, Marchand H. Teaching the science of safety in US colleges and schools of pharmacy.  American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2011; 75 (4) Article 77. PMID: 21769153

Warholak TL, Hines LE, Saverno KR, Grizzle AJ, Malone DC.  An assessment tool for pharmacy drug-drug interaction software.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2011; 51: 418-424.  PMID: 21931448

Gilligan A, Warholak TL, Murphy J, Hines LE, Malone DC.  Impact of an educational session and presentations of cases by pharmacy students:  Recognition of drug-drug interaction pairs. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2011; 75 (6) Article 110. PMID: 2193144

Strum-West D, Basak R, Bentley JP, Holdford DA, Warholak TL, Malone DC, Murphy JE.  The science of safety curriculum in US colleges and schools of pharmacy. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2011; 75 (7) Article 141.  PMID: 21969727

Warholak TL, Holdford DA, West D, DeBake DL, Bentley J, Malone DC, Murphy J.  Perspectives on educating pharmacy students about the science of safety. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2011; 75 (7) Article 142.  PMID: 21969728

Hines LE, Warholak TL, Saverno K, Boesen M, Sisk M, Malone DC.  Drug-drug interaction software quality assurance: Lessons learned. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2011; 51 (5): 570, 527.  PMID: 21896453

Warholak TL, Noureldin M, West D, Holdford D.  Faculty perceptions of the Educating Pharmacy Students to Improve Quality (EPIQ) program.  American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2011; 75 (8) Article 163. PMID: 22102753

Bradford D, Watmore P, Hammer D, Warholak TL.  The relationship between self-reported professionalism and student involvement in pharmacy organizations at one college of pharmacy:  An exploratory analysis.  Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning. 2011. 3: 283-289.

Hincapie A-L, Warholak, TL.  The impact of health information exchange on health outcomes:  A systematic review.  Applied Clinical Informatics. 2011; 2: 499–507.

Harrington A, Warholak TL, Hines L, Taylor A, Sherrill D, Malone D. Healthcare professional students’ knowledge of drug-drug interactions: A pretest posttest. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2011; 75 (10):  Article 199.  PMID: 21931448

Tang D, Warholak TL, Slack M, Malone DC. Science of safety topic coverage in experiential education: US and Taiwan pharmacy schools.  American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2011; 75 (10): Article 202.  PMID: 3279028

Warholak TL, Smith KS, Legner D, Rupp MT, Lee JK.  Features of electronic prescribing software: A pilot study to evaluate importance and satisfaction.  Arizona Journal of Pharmacy.  Spring 2012: 15-20.

Chinthammit C, Armstrong E, Warholak TL.  An economic evaluation of hospital discharge counseling by pharmacists. Journal of Pharmacy Practice.  2012; 25 (2): 201 – 208.  PMID: 21987529

Hincapie A-L, Warholak TL, Hines LE, Taylor A, Malone DC.  Impact of a drug-drug interaction educational session on pharmacy and medical student’s knowledge:  A one-year follow-up.  Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy.  2012; 8(5):  472-477.

Gilligan AM, Miller K, Mohney A, Montenegro C, Schwarz J, Warholak TL.  Analysis of pharmacists’ interventions on electronic versus traditional prescriptions in 2 community pharmacies. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy.  2012; 8(6):  523-532.

Gilligan A, Myers J, Nash J, LavigneJ, Moczygemba L, Plake K, Quinones-Boex A, Holdford D, West D, Warholak TL. Educating Pharmacy Students to Improve Quality (EPIQ) in colleges and schools of pharmacy.  American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2012; 76(6):  Article 109.

Hincapie AL, Warholak TL.  Electronic prescribing errors:  Do they exist?  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2012; 52(3):  302-303. 

Brown M, Leib M, Brown S, Warholak TL, Malone DC.  The appropriateness of use of 3 classes of psychotropic medications in children and adolescents. The American Journal of Pharmacy Benefits.2012; 4(2): 49-56.

Gilligan AM, Malone DC, Warholak TL, Armstrong EP. Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Alzheimer's Disease Pharmacotherapy Exposure: An Analysis Across Four State Medicaid Populations.  American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy. 2012.  10(5); 303-312.

Candlish K, Young G, Warholak TL.  Challenges in obtaining accurate home medication lists in emergency triage at an academic medical center:  Perceptions from nurses.  Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal.  2012; 34(4): 1-8.   

Hincapie AL, Hines S, Martineau M, Warholak TL.  Job satisfaction among Tucson area chain community pharmacists:  Results from a pilot study.  Pharmacy Practice.  2012. Oct-Dec; 10 (4) 227-233.

Mutebi A, Warholak TL, Hines LE, Plummer R, Malone DC. Assessing Patients' Information Needs Regarding Drug-Drug Interactions. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2013; 53: 39-45. 

Campbell P, Gerboth K, Warholak TL, MacKinnon NJ, Baker KR. The Arizona Continuous Quality Assurance Law: How To Make Sure You And Your Pharmacy Are In Compliance. The Arizona Journal of Pharmacy. 2013; 5(2): 32-40.

Aguilar CP, Chau C, Giridharan N, Huh Y, Cooley J, Warholak TL. How to plan workflow changes:  A practical quality improvement tool used in an outpatient hospital pharmacy.  Journal of Pharmacy Practice. 2013. 26(3): 214 - 219.

Harrington A, Desselle S, Apgar D, Hesselbacher E, Pie A, Quesnel A, Warholak TL. Pharmacy students’ opinions of direct-to-consumer advertising:  A pilot study at a university.  Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy. (in press). 

Gilligan AM, Malone DC, Warholak TL, and Armstrong EP. Health Disparities in the Cost of Care in Patients with Alzheimer’s Disease: An Analysis Across Four State Medicaid Populations.  (in Press).

Warholak TL, Rupp MT, Leal S, Kurniawan G, Patel N. Assessing the effect of providing pharmacists with patient diagnosis on electronic prescription orders: A pilot study.  Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy. (in press). 

Villa L, Warholak TL, Hines LE, Taylor A, Brown M, Hurwitz J, Brixner D.  Malone DC.  Health Care Decision Makers’ Use of Comparative Effectiveness Research: Report from a Series of Focus Groups (in press).

Gilligan AM, Malone DC, Warholak TL, Armstrong EP.  Predictors of Hospitalization and Institutionalization in Medicaid Patient Populations with Alzheimer’s Disease. Advances in Alzheimer’s Disease. (in press).

Hurwitz J, Sands S, Davis E, Nielsen J, Warholak TL.  Consumer Knowledge and Use of Acetaminophen in Over-the-Counter Medications. J Am Pharm Assoc. (in press).

Refereed Abstracts

Warholak-Juarez T,* Rupp MT.  The effect of patient specific information on pharmacists’ prospective drug utilization review decisions.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 1999:39(2);254.

Damaske D, Privett P, Jackson TL.*  Future health professionals’ views towards pharmacists administration of immunizations.  American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy. 2000. 35(Dec): p 560D.

Jackson TL,* Rupp MT, Newton GD.  Evaluation of a systematic process for conducting prospective DUR in pharmacy practice.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2001,(41);330.

Singla D, Younis W, Jackson TL.*  An interdisciplinary approach to teaching medication adherence to pharmacy and medical students.  American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2001;65:106S.

Izzo LM, Garzanelli TJ, Jackson TL,* Masood A, Zgarrick DP.  Evaluating patient awareness, attitudes, and satisfaction with point-of-care A1C monitoring and education in a community pharmacy.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association.  2003; 43(2): 290.

Naiser J, Langridge S, Stensland S, Jackson TL.*  Impact of the Career Explorers program: Developing and retaining high school students in the pharmacy profession.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association.  2003; 43(2): 298.

Langridge S, Naiser J, Stensland S, Jackson TL,* Lullo A.  Changing high school students’ perceptions of the pharmacists’ role.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2003; 43(2): 299.

Jackson TL,* Todd T, Stensland S, Lullo A, Garzanelli T, Masood A.  Assessment of learning in children attending an asthma awareness education program: A pilot test.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2003; 43(2): 299.

Jackson TL,* Dahdal W, McCord A, Zgarrick D.  A pharmacy practice scholarship committee: What effect does it have? American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2003; 67(3): article 100.

Jackson TR, Jackson TL,* Popovich NG, Smith EV, Drinnan ME, Dennewitz MB, Sacalis SD. Consumer assessment of pharmaceutical care services: Aspects of pharmaceutical care perceived by patients as having value.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2003, 43(2): 282.

Mattingly L, Stensland S, Jackson TL,* Lullo A.  Perceptions of high school students toward pharmacists.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2004; 44: 252.

Jain B, Stensland S, Jackson TL.*  Pharmacy career opportunity awareness amongst high school students attending the Career Explorers Program.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2004; 44: 228.

Reid CA, Jackson TL,* Jackson TR, Langridge, S.  Providing medication to underserved populations utilizing 340B.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2004; 44: 252.

Hassenplug K, Burkiewicz J, Jackson TL,* Peppers L.  Effect of pharmacist education on patient knowledge of nosebleed management:  An anticoagulation clinic intervention.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2004; 44: 242.

Kiel PJ, McCord A, Jackson TL.*  Clinical outcomes in a diabetes management program and the impact of collaborative practice agreements between physicians and pharmacists.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2004; 44: 230.

Langridge S, Jackson TL,* Lurvey P.  Pharmacy students’ attitudes about medically underserved populations:  A pilot study.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2004; 44: 228.

Stensland S, Jackson TL,* Lullo A, Todd T, Mazan J, Masood A, Garzanelli T.  Community service – pharmacists style:  Evaluation of the asthma program “The Lion Who Couldn’t Roar.” Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2005; 45: 260-261.

Ladd E, Mattingly L, Mobley C, Park S, Wells A, Bodenhagen K, Jackson TL.*  Frequency estimation of Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) sig abbreviation restrictions in a community pharmacy practice.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2005; 45: 234-235.

Pumares C, Das N, Flores D, Johnson J, Chapman R, Cornell S, Jackson TL.*  Evaluating the effects of collaborative care on diabetes patients in community care settings.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2006; 46:  283.

Smith KL, Warholak Jackson TL,* Malone DA, Armstrong E, Rehfeld RA. Evaluation of risk factors and predictors of health outcomes among persons with asthma.  Value in Health. 2007; 10(3): A109.

Warholak-Jackson T,* Rupp MT.  Analysis of community pharmacists’ interventions on electronic prescription errors.  Value in Health. 2007; 10(3): A35.

Rupp MT, Warholak-Jackson T.*  Attitudes of chain pharmacy personnel toward e-prescribing. Value in Health. 2007; 10(3): A31.

Tarasiewicz JM, Schwehr JN, Warholak Jackson TL.*  An assessment of the impact of decentralized clinical staff pharmacists on nurses at a tertiary referral teaching hospital.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2007; 47: 273-274. 

Babits L, Clark C, Warholak TL, Hines LE, Menke JM, Malone DC.  Evaluation of pharmacy software programs to detect clinically important drug-drug interactions. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2009;49(2): 294.

Roush R, Queiruga C, Warholak TL.  Medication error identification rates of pharmacy, medical, and nursing students: A simulation. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2009;49(2): 296.

Bradford D, Watmore P, Hammer D, Warholak TL.  The relationship between the behavioral professionalism assessment and student involvement in pharmacy organizations. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2009;49(2): 321. 

Warholak TL, Gilligan AM, Hurwitz JT, Slack MK, Spivey CA, Chisholm-Burns MA.  Assessing outcomes for a methods television (MTV) video project in a research methodology class. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2009;73(4): article 57. p96.

Aguilar CP, Chau C, Giridharin N, Huh Y, Cooley J, Warholak TL. Pharmacy staff opinions of proposed workflow changes intended to decrease errors in an outpatient hospital pharmacy. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2010; 50 (2): 313.

Miller K, Mohney A, Montenegro C, Schwartz J, Warholak TL.  Analysis of community pharmacists’ interventions on electronic versus traditional prescriptions in two pharmacies. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2010; 50 (2): 295.

Norman S.  Pham NB, Kurniawan G, Scovis N, Kerschen A, Boesen K, Warholak TL.  Analysis of algorithms that generate clinical alerts at a Medication Management Center (MMC): A quality improvement project. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2011; 51 (2): 246-247.

Sands S, Nielsen J, Hurwitz J, Warholak TL.  Consumer knowledge of acetaminophen use.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2011; 51 (2): 285-286.

Ortega A, Torner J, Scovis N, Warholak TL.  Evaluation of algorithms producing alerts in asthma at a medication management center:  A quality improvement project.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2011; 51 (2): 250.

Hincapie A-L, Warholak TL, Hines LE, Sherril D, Malone DC.  Impact of a drug-drug interaction educational session on pharmacy and medical student’s knowledge:  A three-year evaluation.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association.  2011; 51 (2): 261.

Hurwitz J, Warholak TL, Sands S, Nielsen J. Consumer Knowledge of Acetaminophen Safety, Dosing, and Identification.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2012; 52 (2): 234.

Warholak TL, Rupp MT, Leal S, Kurniawan G, Patel N. Effect of providing pharmacists with patient diagnosis on electronic prescription orders: A pilot study.  Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. 2012; 52 (2): 234-235.

Refereed Poster Presentations

Todd T, Stensland S, Lullo A, Garzanelli T, Jackson TL,* Masood A.  Development and

analysis of a pediatric asthma awareness program.  Presented at the National Conference on Asthma.  Washington, DC; June 2003. 

Baumgart A, McCulloch M, Rasmussen M, Fink W, Warholak TL.  A comparison of two methods of medication reconciliation.  Presented at the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) Midyear Meeting.  Las Vegas, NV; December 3, 2007. 

Babits L, Clark C, Warholak TL, Patanwala A, Fritz W.  Physicians’, nurses’, and other staffs’ opinions of the potential impact of an emergency department clinical staff pharmacist at a tertiary care academic medical center. Presented at the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) Midyear Meeting.  Orlando, FL.; December 8, 2008.

Song MC, Gessay A, Warholak TL, Hines LE, Menke JM, Malone DC.  Medical, nursing, and pharmacy students’ ability to recognize potential drug-drug interactions. Presented at the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) Midyear Meeting.  Orlando, FL.; December 8, 2008.

Legner D, Warholak TL.  Evaluation of usability of e-prescribing software. Presented at the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) Midyear Meeting.  Orlando, FL.; December 8, 2008.

Patel N, Lee A, Warholak TL, Leal S. A consumer assessment of pharmaceutical care services in a diabetes ambulatory clinic. Presented at the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) Midyear Meeting.  Orlando, FL.; December 8, 2008.

Hincapie AL, Warholak TL.  The Arizona Medical Information Exchange (AMIE) proof of concept (POC) outcomes evaluation.  Presented at the American Medical Informatics Association Spring Congress.  Orlando, FL; May 28-30, 2009.

Reel S, Hines LM, Warholak TL, Malone DC.  Reducing medication errors: A focus on drug-drug interactions. Presented at the 24th National Conference of The American Academy of Nurse Practitioners (AANP). Nashville, TN. June 17 - 21, 2009.

Patanwala A, Warholak TL, Sanders A, Erstad B.  A prospective observational study of medication errors in a tertiary care academic emergency department.  Presented at the American college of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) Research Forum.  Boston, MA; October 2, 2009.

Saverno K, Warholak TL, Rupp MT, Rutala M. Adoption of electronic prescribing and electronic health records among Arizona’s Federally Qualified Community Health Centers.  Presented at American Medical Informatics Association Spring Congress Phoenix, Arizona.  May 25-27, 2010. 

Harrington A, Warholak TL, Hines LE, Taylor A, Malone DC.  Healthcare professional students’ knowledge of drug-drug interactions: a pretest posttest study at one university. Presented at the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research International Meeting.  Atlanta, GA. May 15-19, 2010.

Smith K, Brown S, Malone D, Warholak TL.  Association of warfarin, NSAIDS, and with respect to gastrointestinal bleeding. Presented at the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research International Meeting.  Atlanta, GA. May 15-19, 2010.

Warholak TL, Saverno KR, Hines LE, Grizzle AJ, Malone DC. Ability of clinical decision support systems to alert pharmacists of clinically important drug-drug interactions.  Presented at American Medical Informatics Association Spring Congress Phoenix, Arizona.  May 25-27, 2010.

Gilligan AM, Miller K, Mohney A, Montenegro C, Schwarz J, Warholak TL.  Analysis of pharmacists’ interventions on electronic versus traditional prescriptions in two community pharmacies.  Presented at the ISPOR 16th Annual Meeting.  May 21-25, 2011.  Baltimore, MD. 

Warholak TL, Murcko A, Smith K, Hincapie A, Davis EE, Piveratto H.  The impact of a medication health information exchange on mental health care in a correctional facility.  Presented at the 2011 Correctional Mental Health Seminar. July 10-11, 2011. Las Vegas, NV.

Tang D, Warholak TL, Slack MK, Malone DC.  A survey measuring science of safety topic coverage in experiential education: US and Taiwan pharmacy schools.  Presented at the 2011 American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy Annual Meeting.  July 10-11, San Antonio, TX.

Chinthammit C, Armstrong E, Warholak TL.  A cost-effectiveness evaluation of hospital discharge counseling by pharmacists.  Presented at the 1st International Conference on Patient Safety.  July 20 - 21, 2011, Ubon Ratchathani University, Thailand. 

Hincapie AL, Snead R, Modisett T, Warholak TL. Pharmacy and prescriber e-prescribing experience reporting (PEER).  Presented at the American Medical Informatics Association Annual Symposium. October 22-26, 2011.  Washington, DC. 

Schloss E, Warholak TL, Michaels C, Franke H.  Developing an online, four-course interprofessional health care quality and safety curriculum.  Presented at Collaborating Across Borders III (CAB III) Interprofessional Collaboration.  November 19-21, 2011.  Tucson, Arizona. 

Young G, Candlish K, Warholak TL.  Medication reconciliation at an academic medical center: Perceptions of medical professionals.  Presented at the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) Midyear Meeting.  New Orleans, LA; December 4, 2011.

LaBuda JM, Wojcik PT, Warholak TL, Wondrak GT.  Developing the pharmacist’s role in optimizing sun protection and sunscreen drug use by the general public: A pilot survey assessing drug knowledge and perceived user benefit of sunscreens among doctor of pharmacy students.  Presented at the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) Midyear Meeting.  New Orleans, LA; December 4, 2011.

Gilligan A, Malone DC, Warholak TL, Armstrong E.  Determining the existence of racial and ethnic disparities in Alzheimer’s disease pharmacotherapy exposure:  An analysis across four state Medicaid populations.  Presented at the ISPOR 17th Annual International Meeting.  Washington, DC.  June 2-6, 2012. 

Saverno KR, Malone DC, Warholak TL, Armstrong E.  Slack M.  Impact of Medicare Part D on pharmaceutical and medical utilization in Arizona’s dual eligible population.  Presented at the ISPOR 17th Annual International Meeting.  Washington, DC.  June 2-6, 2012.  

Malone DC, Hines LE, Brown S, Warholak TL. The incidence of potential drug-drug interactions originating from the same prescriber.  Presented at the ISPOR 17th Annual International Meeting.  Washington, DC.  June 2-6, 2012.

Davis E, Norman S, Whittington Goldstone L, Warholak TL.  The impact of a pharmacist-led education group on psychiatric patient reported medication attitudes and knowledge.  Presented at the College of Psychiatric and Neurologic Pharmacists Annual Meeting. Tampa, FL.  April 29, 2012.

Gilligan AM, Myers J, Nash J, Lavigne JE, Moczygemba L, Plake KS, Quinones-Boex AC, Holdford DA, West-Strum DS, Warholak TL. Evaluating the educating pharmacy students to improve quality (EPIQ) program at seven colleges of pharmacy.  Accepted for presentation at the AACP Annual Meeting, Pharmacy Education 2012 in Kissimmee, FL.  July 15-16, 2012.

Tang DH, Rutala M, Ihde C, Shank T, Bills A, Mollon L, Warholak TL.  Assessing healthcare provider satisfaction of services provided by the Arizona Regional Extension Center (REC): A cross-sectional survey.  Accepted for poster presentation at the 34th Annual Meeting of the Society for Medical Decision Making being held October 17 - 20, 2012 at the Hyatt Regency in Phoenix, AZ.

Campbell M, Mosleem M, Spriggle P, Warholak TL.  Identifying drug therapy problems through patient consultation at community pharmacies.  Presented at the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) Midyear Meeting.  Las Vegas, NV; December 4, 2012.

Bennett A, Schuman R, Smith N, Hincapie, Villa L, Warholak TL.  Demographics and diagnoses of patients with 30-day hospital re-admissions.  Presented at the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) Midyear Meeting.  Las Vegas, NV; December 4, 2012.

Davis E, Norman S, Villa L, Warholak TL, Goldstone LW. A Rasch Analysis of a Questionnaire Evaluating Patient-Reported Medication Attitudes and Knowledge in an Acute Inpatient Psychiatric Setting.  Accepted for a Poster presentation: at the College of Psychiatric & Neurologic Pharmacists Annual Meeting, April 22, 2013; Colorado Springs, CO. 2013. 

Tang DH, Warholak TL.  Short-term Relationships Between Electronic Health Records System Integrity in Emergency Departments and Health Care Resource Utilization Among Patients with Mental Disorders.  Accepted for poster presentation at the ISPOR 18th Annual International Meeting to be held May 21, 2013 at the Sheraton New Orleans in New Orleans, LA, US.

Tang DH, Warholak TL.  Short-term Relationships Between Electronic Health Records System Integrity in Emergency Departments and Health Care Resource Utilization. Accepted for poster presentation at the ISPOR 18th Annual International Meeting to be held May 21, 2013 at the Sheraton New Orleans in New Orleans, LA, US.

Tang DH, Rutala M, Ihde C, Shank T, Bills A, Warholak TL.  Physician and Pharmacist Perceptions About Use of Comparative Effectiveness Research in Health Care Decision-Making.  Accepted for presentation at the AACP Annual Meeting, Pharmacy Education 2013 in Chicago, IL.  July 13-17, 2013. 

Augustine J, Slack M, Warholak TL.  Writing Multiple Choice Exam Items for Testing Concept Learning.  Accepted for presentation at the AACP Annual Meeting, Pharmacy Education 2013 in Chicago, IL.  July 13-17, 2013. 

Hincapie AL, Boesen K, Warholak TL.  Understanding reasons for non-adherence to medications in a Medicare part D beneficiary sample: A pilot study.  Accepted for presentation at the Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy’s 2013 Fall Conference. San Antonio, Tx. October 16-18, 2013.

Refereed Podium Presentations

Warholak-Juarez TL,* Rupp MT.  The dispensing appropriateness trial. Presented at the Midwest Pharmacy Administration Seminar, Columbus, OH.  July, 1998.

Sweeney BL, Burkiewicz JS, Peppers LR, Jackson TL.*  Group visits versus individual appointments in a point-of-care anticoagulation clinic.  Presented at the International Congress on Clinical Pharmacy.  Paris, France.  April 29, 2004. 

Stensland S, Jackson TL,* Todd T, Lullo A, Mazan J, Masood A.  Generating asthma education through school-based programs:  Evaluation of the “Lion who couldn’t Roar.”  Presented at the Illinois Asthma Conference.  Springfield, IL.  May 13, 2004. 

Rupp MT, Warholak Jackson TL,* Lapane K, Whittemore K, Dube C.  Maximizing the effectiveness of e-prescribing between physicians and community pharmacies.  Presented by MT Rupp at the ASHP Midyear Meeting. Anaheim, CA; December 4, 2006.

Gilligan AM, Warholak TL, Armstrong EP, Malone, DC.  Racial and ethnic disparities in medication exposure and cost of care across four state Medicaid populations with Alzheimer’s disease.  Presented at the Frontiers in Biomedical Research Poster Forum.  The University of Arizona.  Tucson, AZ; November 2, 2011.

Harrington A, Desselle S, Apgar D, Warholak TL. Attitudinal questionnaire to evaluate pharmacy students’ opinions toward direct-to-consumer-advertising.  Presented at the Frontiers in Biomedical Research Poster Forum.  The University of Arizona.  Tucson, AZ; November 2, 2011.

Schloss E, Michaels C, Schacter K, Dreisen K, Price Y, Warholak TL. A University of Arizona online, four-course interprofessional health care quality and safety curriculum.  Presented at the Rapid Fire Session: Interprofessional Approaches to Quality and Patient Safety Education at the 2012 American Association of Medical Colleges Integrating Quality Meeting. Rosemont, IL. June 7-8, 2012.

Warholak TL, West D, Nau D.  Special Session: The value-driven healthcare system – Is your school ready? Accepted for presentation at the 2012 AACP Annual Meeting in Kissimmee, Florida.  July 15, 2012.

Publications/Creative Activity (Work in Progress)

Refereed Journal Articles in Progress

Hincapie AL, Snead R, Modisett T, Ahmed A, Warholak TL.  Electronic prescribing problems reported to the pharmacy and prescriber e-prescribing experience reporting (PEER) portal. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association. (in review).

Tang DH, Warholak TL, Hines LE, Taylor A, Hurwitz J, Brown M, Brixner D, Malone DC. Evaluation of Pharmacy and Therapeutic Committee Member Knowledge, Attitudes and Ability Regarding the Use of Comparative Effectiveness Research in Health Care Decision-Making. (in review).

Tang DH, Rutala M, Ihde C, Shank T, Bills A, Warholak TL.  An exploratory, population-based, mixed-method program evaluation of user satisfaction of services provided by a Regional Extension Center. (in review).

Crescioni M, Messer DH, Warholak TL, Miller JM, Twelker JD, Harvey EM.  Rasch analysis of a new instrument: the Student Refractive Error and Eyeglass Questionnaire. (in progress).

Schachter K, Michaels C, Driesen K, Warholak TL, Chinthammit C, Schloss EP.  Development of an interprofessional online quality and safety course for healthcare graduate students. (in review).

Slack M, Augustine J, Warholak TL.  Writing Multiple Choice Exam Items for Testing Concept Learning.  (in review).

Warholak TL, Villa L, Hines LE, Taylor A, Brown M, Hurwitz J, Malone DC.  Health Care Decision Makers Perceptions’ About Comparative Effectiveness Research Resources: Focus Group Results. (in review).

Norman S, Davis E, Goldstone LW, Villa L, Warholak TL.  A Rasch analysis of a questionnaire designed to evaluate patient-reported attitudes and knowledge of factors that impact medication adherence. (in progress).

Warholak TL, Brandon M, Park S, Smith KL, Rupp MT.  Decreasing medication errors: A practical approach.  (in progress). 

Saverno K, Hatch L, Campbell P, Rupp MT, Smith KL, Rutella M, Warholak TL.  An evaluation of the electronic prescribing adoption rate in Arizona’s federally qualified health centers. (in progress). 

Slack M, Warholak TL, Murphy J.  Writing a proposal for a scientific study: A course developed for PharmD students.  (in progress).

Dinh K, Pham N, Nguyen M, Phan H, Warholak TL. Patient perceptions of medication education in a Vietnamese community.  (in progress).

Tate W.  Warholak TL, Hines LE, Taylor A, Brown M, Hurwitz J, Malone DC.  Quantitative Analysis of a Comparative Effectiveness Research (CER) Workshop on the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRP) CER Website.  (in progress). 

Smith N, Schuman R, Bennett A, Villa L, Warholak TL.  The Role of Patient Characteristics in Reducing 30-day Hospital Readmissions (in progress). 

Jennings NB, Mollon L, Warholak TL, Slack M. Concept Learning in Pharmacy Education: a Rasch analysis of a concept-based drug literature evaluation exam. (in progress).

Augustine J, Yehoshua A, Ip Q, Jackowski  R, Warholak  T, Armstrong  E. Pharmacy Students’ Self-Reported Comfort Level Engaging in Common Facebook Activities and Concern of Unprofessional Behavior on Social Networking sites: A Rasch Analysis. (in progress).

Weddle P, Phan H, Warholak TL.  Pediatric Education Diagnosis Survey (PEDS): Analyzing pediatric education within PharmD programs in the United States.  (in progress).

Malone DC, Warholak TL, Hilgaertner JW, Dean J, Hurwitz J, Brown M, Hines L, Taylor A.  Deciphering heterogeneity for medical coverage decisions:  Knowledge and attitude change of pharmacy and medical benefit managers after an educational session.  (in progress).

Publications
Originally posted: September 9, 2013
Last updated: October 19, 2017
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