Marion Slack, PhD
Marion Slack has practiced in a wide variety of settings including:
• Independent community pharmacies in Lexington, Kentucky, and Paris, Kentucky
• Community hospitals in Lexington, Kentucky, and Minneapolis, Minnesota
• A leper colony in Northeast Thailand
As a faculty member at the UA College of Pharmacy, one of Marion’s interests is the educational preparation of pharmacy students—particularly pharmacy students’ preparation to participate in community health activities in rural towns. Marion is currently the principal investigator for VIHSTA, Visionary Interprofessional Health Sciences Training in Arizona. This program allows pharmacy students to participate in interprofessional training in rural Arizona communities, for example, Nogales and Chinle. Interprofessional student teams collaborate with community professionals and residents to promote health by changing something in the community, for example, the services offered to victims of domestic violence. Communities love to collaborate with the students because it allows the community to increase their ability to improve the health of residents. More information on VIHSTA is available at: http://vihsta.ahsc.arizona.edu/
Another area of interest is research and teaching related to the scientific methods and research design. Marion teaches a unit on research design in the professional course, “Drug literature evaluation—Research design considerations,” and is the course coordinator for a graduate course in health services research methods. Marion also is the course coordinator for student investigative projects. She teaches a class on writing research proposals and mentors students as they work on investigative projects.
Research interests include how to assess bias in studies reported in the literature. One example is bias in clinical trials of garlic for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia. Marion also is looking at weight loss studies to determine if placebo is an effective method for losing weight. Then Marion is interested in the characteristics of university students, particularly in the health sciences, who exercise regularly.
BS, University of Kentucky, 1969
MA, University of Minnesota, 1984
PhD, University of Arizona, 1989
Slack MK, McGhan WF. Inadvertent dispensing of hypoglycemic drugs: a review of sixteen case studies and recommendations for prevention. J Phar Tech. 1988; March-April.
Slack MK, McGhan WF, Tong,TG, Gardner ME. Application of a micro-computer data base system to competency-based curriculum analysis. Am J Pharm Educ. 1989; Spring.
Gardner M, Hurd PD, Slack MK. Effect of information organization on recall of medication instructions. J Clin Pharm Ther 1990; 15: 13-19.
Cody B, Slack MK. Crossover designs in pharmacy research. Annals of Pharmacotherapy 1992; 26: 327-333.
Draugalis JR, Slack MK. A course model for teaching research methods in colleges of pharmacy. Am J Pharm Educ 1992; 56: 48-52.
Slack MK, Sabers D, McGhan WF, Larson LN, Bootman JL. Reliability indices for use in educational experiments: Cronbach's alpha and a G-study. J Pharm Teach 1992; 3: 33-48.
Slack MK, Draugalis JR. Strategic planning by colleges of pharmacy: linear, adaptive, or interpretive strategies. Am J Pharm Educ.1992; 56: 263-267.
Draugalis JR, Slack MK. Financial implications of Pharm.D. clerkship placements: results of a national survey. Am J Pharm Educ. 1993;57:18-24.
Slack MK, Draugalis JR. A production model as a framework for the interpretation of economic evaluations in pharmacy education. Am J Pharm Educ. 1993;57:242-247.
Slack MK, McEwen MM. Pharmacy student participation in interdisciplinary community-based training. Am J Pharm Educ. 1993;57:251-257
Zarembski DG, Nolan PE Jr, Slack MK, Caruso AC. Empiric long-term amiodarone prophylaxis following myocardial infarction: a meta-analysis. Arch Intern Med. 1993;153:2661-2667.
Slack MK, Babcock J, McEwen MM. An exploratory input-output model of teamwork. In: Interdisciplinary Health Care Teams: Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual Conference, Snyder JR, Ed. Las Vegas, Nevada, September 1993:193-212.
McEwen MM, Slack MK, Gordon I, Hughes A. A systems model as a unifying paradigm for community-based interdisciplinary teams. In: Interdisciplinary Health Care Teams: Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual Conference, Snyder JR, Ed. Las Vegas, Nevada, September 1993:110-119.
Slack MK, Draugalis JR. Models for estimating the impact of clerkship students on practice sites. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1994;51:525-530.
Slack MK, Brookes AJ. Medication management issues important to adolescents with asthma. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1995;52:1417-1421.
Slack MK, Murphy JE. The factors associated with student membership in professional organizations. Am J Pharm Educ. 1995;59(2):125-130.
Carl JL, Erstad BL, Murphy JE, Slack MK. Comparison of infusion syringe devices for medication delivery. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1995;52:1428-1432.
Harrison DL, Draugalis JR, Slack MK. The production model as a basis for conducting economic evaluations of regional poison control centers. J Toxicology-Clinical Toxicology. 1995; 33(3):233-237.
Zarembski DG, Nolan PE, Slack MK, Caruso AC. Treatment of resistant atrial fibrillation: A meta-analysis comparing amiodarone and flecanide. Arch Internal Med. 1995;155:1885-1891.
Harrison DL, Slack MK. Meta-analytic review of the effect of subcutaneous sumatriptin in migraine headaches. J Pharm Tech. 1996;12:109-114.
Zarembski DG, Nolan PE, Slack MK, Lui CY. Meta-Analysis of the Use of Low-Dose Beta-Adrenergic Blocking Therapy in Idiopathic or Ischemic Dilated Cardiomyopathy. Am J Cardio. 1996;77:1247-50.
Carter JT, Draugalis JR, Slack MK. Estimating the impact of pharmacy students on clerkship sites: The site perspective. Am J Health-Syst Pharm. 1996;53:1694-1700.
Draugalis JR, Carter JT, Slack MK. Curricular and financial implications of PharmD clerkship placements. Am J Pharm Educ 1996;60(2):146-151.
Slack MK, McEwen MM, Carter JT, Brueckner R. Implications of Case Management Delivery Models for Pharmacy. Am J Health-Syst Pharm. 1996;53:2860-7.
Murphy JE, Slack MK, Campbell S. National Survey of Hospital-Based Pharmacokinetic Services. Am J Health-Syst Pharm. 1996;53:2840-7.
Harrison DL, Draugalis JR, Slack MK, Langley PC. Cost-effectiveness of regional poison control centers. Arch Intern Med. 1996;156:2601-8.
Slack MK. Interpreting and using information from studies without statistical significance. Annals Pharmaco. 1997;31:116-117.
Slack MK, McEwen MM. An Interdisciplinary problem based practicum in case management and rural border health. Family and Community Health. 1997;20:40-53.
Draugalis JR, Carter JT, Slack MK. A survey course on research methods: Integrating statistical analysis and study design. Am J Pharm Educ. 1998;62:17-24.
Carter JT, Draugalis JR, Slack MK, Cox ER. Alogrithms for estimating learning opportunity and productivity impact at clerkship sites. Am J Pharm Educ. 1998;62:258-265.
Slack MK, McEwen MM. The Impact of interdisciplinary case management on client outcomes. Family and Community Health. 1999; 22(3): 30-48.
Draugalis JR, Slack MK. A continuous quality improvement model for developing innovative instructional strategies. Am J Pharm Educ. 1999;63:354-358.
Slack MK, Coyle RA, Draugalis JR. An evaluation of instruments used to assess the impact of interdisciplinary training. Issues in Interdisciplinary Care. 2001;3(1):59-67.
Younis WS, Campbell S, Slack MK. The relationship between pharmacists’ attitudes toward diabetes and their involvement in diabetes education. Annals Pharmaco. 2001;35: 841-5.
Gardner ME, Ditmanson LF, Garrett RW, Slack MK. Effectiveness of divalproex sodium in severe dementia-related aggression. Consultant Pharmacist. 2001; 16: 839-43.
Slack MK, Draugalis JR. Establishing the internal and external validity of experimental studies. Am J Health-Syst Pharm. 2001; 58: 2173-2181.
Slack MK, Cummings DM, Borrego ME, Fuller K, Cook S. Strategies used by interdisciplinary rural health training programs to assure community responsiveness and recruit practitioners. J Interprofessional Care. 2002; 16: 129-138.
Jackson TR, Draugalis JR, Slack MK, Zachry WM, D'Agostino J. Validation of authentic performance assessment: a process suited for Rasch modeling. Am J Pharm Educ 2002; 66: 233-242.
Draugalis JR, Slack MK, Sauer KA, Haber SL, Vaillancourt RR. Creation and implementation of a learning outcomes document for a doctor of pharmacy curriculum. Am J Pharm Educ 2002; 66: 253-260.
Plaza CM, Draugalis JR, Slack MK, Skrepnik G. Administrative career planning: A ten-year update of the pharmacy deanship. AJPE. 2004; 68(1) Article 8.
Plaza CM, Draugalis JR, Skrepnek GH, Slack MK. The role of administrative mentoring in the pharmacy deanship. AJPE 2004; 68(4) Article 86.
McEwen MM, Slack MK. Factors associated with health related behaviors in Latinos with or at risk of developing diabetes. Hispanic Health Care International. 2005;3 (3): 143-152.
Hogan EG, Leal S, Slack M, Apgar D. Pharmacist-let vs physician diabetes drug management. Hospital Pharmacy Europe. 2006; May/June; 1-2.
Slack MK, Interpreting Current Guidelines for Physical Activity and Incorporating Them into Practice for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. AJHP 2006; 63:1647-53.
Plaza CM, Draugalis JR, Slack MK, Skrepnek GH, Sauer KA. Curriculum mapping in program assessment and evaluation. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2007; 71(2): article 20.
Plaza CM, Draugalis JR, Slack MK, Skrepnek GH, Sauer KA. Use of reflective portfolios in health sciences education. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 2007; 71(2): article 34.
Buckley MS, Nolan PE, Slack MK, Tisdale JE, Hilleman DE, Copeland JG. Amiodarone Prophylaxis for Atrial Fibrillation after Cardiac Surgery: A Meta-Analysis. Pharmacotherapy. 2007; 27(3):360-368.